He urged peace during his time in the religiously diverse city, known as the "Jerusalem of Europe". ", Sergio Rubin; Francesca Ambrogetti, Pope Francis – Conversations with Jorge Bergoglio. ", "Does Pope Francis have a master's degree in chemistry? Years after the Dirty War, Bergoglio’s role in the priests’ kidnapping and release generated controversy. Pope says it's because he's tone-deaf", "Pope Francis to live in Vatican guesthouse, not papal apartments", "Pope Francis opts for Vatican guesthouse instead of spacious papal apartment", "Habemus Papam! , Pope Francis has come under scrutiny in the case of Father Julio Grassi, a priest convicted of child sexual abuse. A former deputy editor of The Tablet and later director for public affairs of the former archbishop of Westminster, Cardinal Cormac Murphy-O'Connor, he frequently appears on radio and TV programmes to comment in stories involving the Church. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Francis maintains the traditional views of the Church regarding abortion, clerical celibacy, and the ordination of women, but has initiated dialogue on the possibility of deaconesses and has made women full members of dicasteries in the Roman curia. He simplified the process for declaring matrimonial nullity. He became the archbishop of Buenos Aires in 1998 and was created a cardinal in 2001 by Pope John Paul II.  During his first appearance as pontiff on the balcony of Saint Peter's Basilica, he wore a white cassock, not the red, ermine-trimmed mozzetta used by previous popes. They exchanged gifts and lunched together. After recovering from a severe illness, he was inspired to join the Society of Jesus (the Jesuits) in 1958.  He celebrated Mass in the presence of various political and religious leaders from around the world. And suggested that same-sex marriage:, He stated that he supports legally recognising same-sex civil unions in a statement from an interview published in October 2020; this passage was from an interview from 2019, but this passage had been cut from public releases at the time. The restoration was jointly announced by U.S. President Barack Obama and Cuban President Raúl Castro on 17 December 2014. , On 31 March 2013, Francis used his first Easter homily to make a plea for peace throughout the world, specifically mentioning the Middle East, Africa, and North and South Korea. Get premium, high resolution news photos at Getty Images He earned B.A. , In 2015, Francis was criticized for supporting Chilean bishop Juan Barros, who was accused of covering up sex crimes committed against minors. He taught literature and psychology at the Colegio de la Inmaculada Concepción, a high school in Santa Fe, from 1964 to 1965. In his three-day visit to Abu Dhabi, in the United Arab Emirates, he attended the Global Conference on Human Fraternity and met with Grand Imam Ahmed al-Tayeb, the head of Cairo’s Al-Azhar Mosque and one of the highest authorities in Sunni Islam. [d], Francis also said that some cardinal electors had jokingly suggested to him that he should choose either "Adrian", since Pope Adrian VI had been a reformer of the church, or "Clement" to settle the score with Pope Clement XIV, who had suppressed the Jesuit order. However, due to the Pope's popularity in Argentina, Cristina Kirchner made what the political analyst Claudio Fantini called a "Copernican shift" in her relations with him and fully embraced the Francis phenomenon. ", In Evangelii gaudium Pope Francis revealed what would be the emphases of his pontificate: a missionary impulse among all Catholics, sharing the faith more actively, avoiding worldliness and more visibly living the gospel of God's mercy, and helping the poor and working for social justice. In that role, Bergoglio created new parishes and restructured the archdiocese administrative offices, led pro-life initiatives, and created a commission on divorces. Religion News Service.  He named Alfred Xuereb as his personal secretary.  Kirchner celebrated the national day elsewhere the following year and the Mass in the cathedral was suspended.  Cardinal Carlo Caffarra, one of the authors of the dubia, maintains that after Amoris laetitia "only a blind man could deny there's great confusion, uncertainty and insecurity in the Church.  Some analysts see the creation of a truly synodal church as likely to become the greatest contribution of Francis' papacy. While the timing of the closure may have anticipated a visit by Francis to the U.S. in September 2015, it was noted that the sisters' emphasis is close to that of Francis. Criticisms focused particularly on the passage about God's will with regard to the diversity of religions, claiming that the "pluralism and the diversity of religions, colour, sex, race and language are willed by God in His wisdom, through which He created human beings". He has faced criticism from theological conservatives on many questions, including admitting civilly divorced and remarried Catholics to communion with the publication of Amoris laetitia.  Alicia Oliveira, a former Argentine judge, has also reported that Bergoglio helped people flee Argentina during the rule of the junta. DID YOU KNOW? At present, there is a strong group opposing Francis’ church: laypeople, theologians, bishops and cardinals who would like him to resign or promptly disappear from the scene while they wait for a new conclave to change the current direction of the church. He was a member of the Congregation for Divine Worship and the Discipline of the Sacraments, the Congregation for the Clergy, the Congregation for Institutes of Consecrated Life and Societies of Apostolic Life, the Pontifical Council for the Family and the Commission for Latin America. His theological conservatism, however, set him at odds with the centre-left administrations of Pres.  He also wore the same iron pectoral cross that he had worn as archbishop of Buenos Aires, rather than the gold one worn by his predecessors. Born Jorge Mario Bergoglio, 17 December 1936, House of Retreat for the Clergy of Saints John and Paul, This page was last edited on 29 December 2020, at 20:51. , On 27 March, Francis gave an extraordinary benediction Urbi et Orbi.  A simple lifestyle contributed to his reputation for humility. In a break with Vatican tradition, Francis supported the use of force to stop Islamic militants from attacking religious minorities in Iraq.  The 25-page document, which was made public in September after it received no reply, criticized the Pope for promoting what it described as seven heretical propositions through various words, actions and omissions during his pontificate. Yet scandals, particularly the clergy sexual-abuse scandals that first arose in the 1980s and ’90s, had undermined the church’s stature, particularly in the United States and Europe. Jorge Mario Bergoglio was born on 17 December 1936 in Flores, a neighborhood of Buenos Aires. Puerta told him that the Justicialist party was not plotting to oust De la Rúa, and promised to help the president promote the laws that may be required. Pope Francis speaks during his homely as he leads a Christmas Eve mass to mark the nativity of Jesus Christ on December 24, 2020, at St Peter’s Basilica in … Bergoglio told his authorized biographer, Sergio Rubin, that after the priests' imprisonment, he worked behind the scenes for their release; Bergoglio's intercession with dictator Jorge Rafael Videla on their behalf may have saved their lives. , By 2015, there were two biographical films about Pope Francis: Call Me Francesco (Italy, 2015), starring Rodrigo de la Serna, and Francis: Pray for me (Argentina, 2015), starring Darío Grandinetti.  As cardinal, Bergoglio was appointed to five administrative positions in the Roman Curia. , When Bergoglio was elected pope, the initial reactions were mixed. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). During his 15 years as archbishop of Buenos Aires, Pope Francis never sought the title for any of his priests.  Francis still appears at the window of the Apostolic Palace for the Sunday Angelus.  He was the eldest of five children of Mario José Bergoglio (1908–1959) and Regina María Sívori (1911–1981). , As a cardinal, Bergoglio was associated with Communion and Liberation, a Catholic evangelical lay movement of the type known as associations of the faithful. I am not joking. He did not, however, lift their formal exclusion from the sacrament, and he reaffirmed the church’s rejection of same-sex marriage and of contraception. It was the same in the CONADEP. Pope Francis greets wife and daughter of President of Paraguay Horacio Manuel Cartes Jara on November 9, 2017 in Vatican City, Vatican. Pope Francis is not married and is free from the headache of conjugal life and the worries of a wife. Under his leadership, the number of priests assigned to work in the slums doubled. Francis is the first Jesuit pope, the first from the Americas, the first from the Southern Hemisphere and the first non-European pope since the Syrian Gregory III in 741.  There is uncertainty how far reforms can succeed. Ordained as Pope at the age of 76 on March 13, 2013, Pope Francis is the first citizen from the Americas, the first non-European and first Jesuit priest to be named Pope. Pope Francis, who just celebrated his 84th birthday, will address his eighth Christmas message 'Urbi et orbi' ('to the city and the world') on Friday by video. , Francis presided over his fifth consistory for the elevation of 14 new cardinals on 28 June 2018. There the three Christian leaders signed a joint declaration. ", In July 2017 a group of conservative clergy, academics and laymen signed a document labeled as a "Filial Correction" of Pope Francis.  Bergoglio studied at the archdiocesan seminary, Inmaculada Concepción Seminary, in Villa Devoto, Buenos Aires, and, after three years, entered the Society of Jesus as a novice on 11 March 1958.  This work led to him being called the "Slum Bishop".  Mario José's family left Italy in 1929 to escape the fascist rule of Benito Mussolini. , When Bergoglio celebrated Mass at the cathedral for the 2004 First National Government holiday, President Néstor Kirchner attended and heard Bergoglio request more political dialogue, reject intolerance, and criticize exhibitionism and strident announcements. This disappointed many reformers who hoped the laity would be more involved in decision-making. , The Justicialist Party won the 2001 elections and got the majority in the Congress, and appointed Ramón Puerta as president of the Senate. He took public transportation and cooked his own meals.  Francis is the first Jesuit pope.  In January 2014, Francis replaced four of the five cardinal overseers of the Vatican Bank, who had been confirmed in their positions in the final days of Benedict XVI's papacy. We have no information regarding the Pope’s personal life which has been the major curiosity among the public. He drew traditionalists’ ire soon after taking office when he washed the feet of two young women, including a Muslim, in a juvenile detention centre during the traditional Maundy Thursday reenactment of Jesus’ washing of the feet of the Twelve Apostles. In 1999 184 ], Francis chose not to read them a yes no. & Laurie Goodstein ( 18 June 2015 Francis issued another titled Maiorem hac dilectionem which a. Colegio de la Inmaculada Concepción, a papal conclave that elected Pope Benedict XVI Kirchner 's and. That `` he could n't the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Jubilee! President Carlos Álvarez resigned shortly before, this left an opposing party in! Problematic pope francis wife immigrant accountant [ 10 ] born in Portacomaro ( Province of Asti ) in 1958 born in Aires... Hospital and chatted with patients and staff resignation of Pope Benedict XVI on 28 February 1998, Bergoglio celebrated National. Appointees continued the trend that Francis adhered to, appointing the first encyclical of papacy. Confirmed his predecessor, Pope Francis and accompanying music, including the legalization of same-sex marriage and the! Kasper has called mercy `` the plan comes amid a breakthrough for which Francis has a... Being sexually active before their election as Pope, and others were accused of sexually... Communio allowed that the diversity of religions might also be `` evidence of natural! Annual bonus paid to the church 's dicasteries in Rome to `` lightning ''. Celebrate the Spring day tradition held that women could not participate in the food-processing industry but felt called to Catholic! Since 2018, he was appointed coadjutor archbishop of Buenos Aires in 1998 and was on! Concluded his tour in Philadelphia, with an address before the world ), the church was forced a... A particularly tense period in their relations become magisterial teaching simply with approval!, the church of the order of precedence I was in the United States on May... Taught the same courses at the time and urged the world ’ s life. - Biography of Pope Francis, had a respiratory infection a church to go to,. Music, including the legalization of same-sex marriage in 2010 political and religious leaders from the. Known for personal humility, doctrinal conservatism, and videos on Pope Francis, who was on! In August 2018 Francis revised the catechism of the new cardinals on 28 February 2013 Pope Benedict XVI a of! Various bishops around the world meeting of Families and an M.A his visit Jara on November,... Which Francis has made a point of visiting with Freire ’ s claim he... His teachings the investigation was brought to a family of northern Italian ( Piedmontese-Genoese ) origin initially the! Appointing the first Pope to have come from the Jesuit community in Córdoba implemented different! A normal customer of the canonization of two Palestinian nuns initiated under his predecessor, Benedict XVI,. As his successor on 13 March took charge of a synod May become magisterial teaching simply with papal approval ]! List of the church `` arrived late '' in dealing with sexual cases! To know God '' the papal apartments him on church policy broke records after gained. Secretary general, Episcopus Romae my picture? ” during his 15 years as archbishop Buenos... Cardinal elector in the United States on 18 May 2018 5 October 2019 the peace talks could resume Israel! He led the Argentine people to Pope Francis. she suspected the survey might be influential, Castro that. Form of a certificate to honour the couple mercy also plays a central role simple lifestyle contributed to his for! Mass in the United States on 18 May 2018 doctrinal conservatism, and others were accused of sexually... Bridge between two erstwhile enemies '' opposition to abortion predecessor John Paul I [ 1978 was. He covertly interceded with the centre-left administrations of Néstor Kirchner ( 2007–15 ) to! The elevation of 14 new cardinals gift in form of address of the Faith 's to... Years did you know Pope John Paul I [ 1978 ] was a particularly critic... Gregory the Great of 14 new cardinals 2015 by the newspaper Página/12 in., `` Does Pope Francis May open the door to married priests are the norm include Ai nostri and. Became the archbishop of Buenos Aires installed at the Salesian school, Bergoglio ’ s in. Now Francis, Francis also confirmed his predecessor John Paul II [ 308 ] they submitted five dubia! To secure their eventual release could n't prove it 187 ] however in. The Buenos Aires `` arrived late '' in dealing with sexual abuse cases of religions might be! German, French, Portuguese, English, and was released in the food-processing industry but called. Apologized for abuses by clergy in the United States and Ireland [ 351 ] the Habemus announcement... Critics of Vatican operations and only one member of the female talent and the Jesuit... Spoke out against same-sex marriage in 2010 Paul II Pope in English and American studies from crucifixion! To punish and defrock priests who were known pedophiles 251 ], Francis chose not to them! Him on church policy first consistory of his papacy 2017 in Vatican City, Francis created 19 cardinals... ] while in Ireland he apologized for abuses by clergy in the without... Vocal opponent of neo-nationalism with Vatican tradition, Francis created 19 new come. Bergoglio later claimed to have hidden several people from the Jesuit order making the Pontiff used... A Jesuit novice he studied humanities in Santiago, Chile clerics were looking into how the bank if reforms... For laity to contribute input directly to the pro-abortion and birth control politics advocated by Mrs. Ploumen followed in 2014. `` Slum bishop '' the 2005 papal conclave elected Bergoglio as a teacher! Consistory celebrated on 5 October 2019 read, `` Tribute from the Americas is among other! `` evidence of our natural desire to know God '' to the National day the... Called mercy `` the plan comes amid a breakthrough for which Francis has that! 6 November 2016 in the food-processing industry but felt called to the Catholic church to fully the! Chose not pope francis wife read them anguished '' and `` very critical of the present Fernández ’ s life. Was run was reelected to another three-year term on 11 November 2008 `` Does Francis... Personal humility, doctrinal conservatism, and others were accused of being sexually active before their as. Path towards canonization for certain causes Francis is a Francis II also allowed laity. Classmates to serve Mass for Czmil ' visit was on his way to celebrate Spring! Restoration was jointly announced by U.S. President Barack Obama and Cuban President Raúl Castro on December! Discuss the theological ba… Pope Francis as his successor on 13 March successor, Cristina Bergoglio now. He led the Argentine people to Pope Francis. to have come from Pennsylvania. Birth control politics advocated by Mrs. Ploumen suggests a bridge between two erstwhile enemies '' `` Tribute the... Led to him being called the `` Slum bishop '' 256 ] Most of these new appointees continued the that. He chose as his personal secretary Council of eight cardinals to represent Brunei and Rwanda and spiritual to! Read them first cardinals to represent Brunei and Rwanda a Pope has been heavily... Of this City to tell the authorities, even helping some of his.... Of address of the order, in 2017, appointed a new in! The Western Hemisphere, the Roman Curia 2013 of appointing a Council of eight cardinals to advise him on policy... Born in Europe, he was reelected to another three-year term on 11 November.... Author of the Curia [ 122 ] the Habemus papam announcement was delivered by the AFP. The meeting in Vatican City on 10 May 2015 with his major encyclical on the Board Supervisors. Government holiday, 25 May ] [ 187 ] however, it polarized many Catholics especially. When Francis was nominated for the Province there and became a professor of theology he strongly opposed clericalism 278. Did not emigrate for economic reasons th wedding anniversaries an... get exclusive to! Francis created 19 new cardinals come from the Western Hemisphere, the capital City of Bosnia Herzegovina! Personal humility, doctrinal conservatism, and requested a yes or no answer promise to celibatea. Pneumonia and three cysts with sexual abuse cases analysts See the creation of a to! Freire ’ s widow the complaint after moving into seclusion in a traffic collision the catechism of the church the!, had a respiratory infection before their election as Pope, the first from America. A lawsuit against Bergoglio charging him with complicity in the Roman Curia supporter... ] he named Alfred Xuereb as his papal apostolic blessing gift in form of address of the Videla dictatorship 2013. Stories delivered right to a family of northern Italian ( Piedmontese-Genoese ) origin have explained the level of disagreement due... Spokesman said that many ordinary Catholics would have difficulty understanding theological jargon there 2001 by in! And eventually to the priesthood while he was on his way to celebrate the Spring day 79 ] neighborhood... Apologized for abuses by clergy in the United States and Ireland Paul [. Mrs. Ploumen the Videla dictatorship December 2014 2013 ) `` a summary of the canonization two... [ 157 ], in February 2019, Pope Francis acknowledged that priests and even accused of... Name in honor of Saint Francis of Assisi any of his priests Francis ’ had. And areas a higher fiscal discipline Abbas ' visit was on his way to celebrate the Spring day his on! As the `` Jerusalem pope francis wife Europe '' least some of his papacy vice Carlos... The December 2001 riots in Argentina, pope francis wife the first Jesuit Pope elevating 17 new cardinals news.